viernes, 5 de junio de 2009

· "Yupanqui" - Atahualpa Yupanqui

Atahualpa Yupanqui (31 January 1908 - 23 May 1992) was an Argentine singer, songwriter, guitarist, and writer. He is considered the most important Argentine folk musician of the 20th century. Yupanqui was born as Héctor Roberto Chavero Aramburo in Pergamino (Buenos Aires Province), in the Argentine pampas, about 200 kilometers away from Buenos Aires. His family moved to Tucumán when he was ten. In a bow to two legendary Incan kings, he adopted the stage name Atahualpa Yupanqui, which became famous the world over. In his early years, Yupanqui travelled extensively through the northwest of Argentina and the Altiplano studying the indigenous culture. He also became radicalized and joined the Communist Party of Argentina. In 1931, he took part in the failed uprising of the Kennedy brothers in order to press the government de facto of Uriburu and to give air to the democratic radical project anti facist in support to Hipólito Yrigoyen and was forced to seek refuge in Uruguay. He returned to Argentina in 1934. In 1935, Yupanqui paid his first visit to Buenos Aires; his compositions were growing in popularity, and he was invited to perform on the radio. Shortly thereafter, he made the acquaintance of pianist Antonieta Paula Pepin Fitzpatrick, nicknamed "Nenette", who became his lifelong companion and musical collaborator under the pseudonym "Pablo Del Cerro". Because of his Communist Party affiliation (which lasted until 1952), his work suffered from censorship during Juan Perón's presidency; he was detained and incarcerated several times. He left for Europe in 1949. Édith Piaf invited him to perform in Paris on 7th July, 1950. He immediately signed contract with “Chant Du Monde”, the recording company that published his first LP in Europe, Miner I am, which obtained the first prize of Best Foreign Disc of the Charles Gross Academy, which included three hundred fifty participants of all the continents in the Contest the International of Folklore. He subsequently toured extensively throughout Europe. He returned regularly to Argentina, but these visits became less frequent when the military dictatorship of Jorge Videla came to power in 1976. In February of 1968, Yupanqui was named Gentleman of the Arts and the Letters of France by the Ministry of Culture of that country, by the work realised throughout 18 years to act and to offer its Literature to the Gallic country. Some of his songs are included in the programs of Institutes and Schools where Spanish Literature is taught. In 1989, an important cultural center of France, the University of Nanterre, asked Yupanqui to write the lyrics of a Cantata to commemorate the Bicentennial of the French Revolution. The piece, entitled “The Sacred Word” (Parole Sacree), was released before high French authorities. It was not a recollection of historical facts but rather a tribute to all the oppressed towns that freed themselves. Yupanqui died in Nimes, France in 1992 at the age of 84; his remains were cremated and dispersed on his beloved Cerro Colorado on 8th June, 1992.


01- Los Ejes de Mi Carreta
02- El Arriero
03- El Vendedor de Yuyos
04- Chacarera de las Piedras
05- Tierra Querida
06- Zamba del Grillo
07- Milonga del Peón de Campo
08- Duerme Negrito
09- El Alazán
10- Canción de los Horneros
11- Tú que Puedes, Vuélvete
12- Vidala Para mi Sombra
13- Caminito Español
14- Luna Tucumana
15- Guitarra Dímelo Tú
16- Le Tengo Rabia al Silencio
17- La Vuelta al Pago
18- Zambita del Buen Amor
19- El Aromo
20- A Qué le Llaman Distancia
21- Ave que Pasas Cantando
22- Cencerro
23- Las Cruces
24- Leña Verde

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